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Trailing 12 Months: Definition and How to Calculate It

The report reader can click the Twelve Months button, see the tables widen, and slicers disappear. The Twelve Months button is actually a rectangle shape with no fill. Behind that shape is a text box with a white fill that has the text of Twelve Months (details at the end of the post).

  1. Along with The Balance, Yvette’s work has been published in Fit Small Business, StoryTerrace, and more.
  2. Analysts treat line items from the cash flow statements, such as working capital, capital expenditures, and dividends, as feeders for other financial statements.
  3. The simplest way to calculate numbers from the trailing twelve months remains by adding the three-month periods that divide the fiscal year by the previous four quarters.
  4. The twelve months highlighted don’t always coincide with the end of the fiscal period for the company.
  5. So, I added a bar chart below the ribbon chart and sized it so that the bar chart is not visible, but the legend for the bar chart is visible.

Using four quarters of data also helps smooth any effects of seasonality and provides more accuracy than using only the year-to-date data. It is calculated by adding up the numbers for the last four quarterly periods. The trailing 12 months of Earnings per Share can show how a company is maintaining its profits over a sustained period of time. The trailing-twelve-month value (TTM) represents the previous four quarters counting back from the last report you have. For example, if the 2nd quarter 2021 report was just released, TTM values will include such information from the 1st quarter 2021, the 4th quarter 2020, and the 3rd quarter 2020. TTM analysis can benefit businesses that have experienced recent growth, as it can make it easier to track the most recent changes.

What is TTM?

It gives you a useful framework when used in conjunction with longer-term comparisons. Using relative valuations requires comparing multiples across industries, sectors, and companies. The best way to ensure your multiple compares apples to apples is to use the most current numbers or TTM.

For example, we are trying to value Apple, and they released the latest 10-k in November, but it’s October. We can go back to the last 10-k from 2023 or guess using the latest quarterly report. Even better, we could take the latest quarterly report, take all the numbers, and multiply them by four. Use this Free Revenue Growth Calculator to calculate your revenue growth rate of your business. The result is that I get the last four quarters or the last 12 months, as you can see here, I have the last four quarters. You can use the SEC yield as a way to try and guess the near-term returns if market conditions remain the same.

If you apply for a business loan, it’s likely that you’ll provide the lender with financial statements from the previous year. Using the example listed above, if you wanted to apply for a business loan, you might provide the previous year’s financial statements to the bank, spanning Jan. 1, 2020, through Dec. 31, 2020. However, considering you’re more than halfway through 2021, last year’s financials may seem outdated and not as helpful as more recent financial activity. In effect, a metric on a trailing twelve month basis, such as TTM revenue, is meant to show the current state of a company’s growth trajectory.

Trailing Twelve Months (TTM)

However, these statements would not show the increased revenue for the current year. Similarly, the current year-to-date financial statements would show the increased revenue, but it wouldn’t be enough information for the lender to make a decision on your loan application. A trailing 12 months calculation is a type of analysis that looks at the previous 12 months’ financial data in your business. Trailing 12 months — often abbreviated as TTM — allows you to analyze a year’s worth of financial data at any point.

For example, the TTM may be a combination of the six months before the end of the fiscal period and the following six months past the beginning of the new fiscal period. Just know here that even though this is December 29, 2018, Apple considers that Q1 of twenty nineteen. So how to calculate ttm the fiscal year doesn’t match with the way that Apple calls their fiscal years to get the latest year. I’m going to go to fiscal year twenty nineteen and take the revenue for the latest completed year. That is the fiscal year twenty nineteen to calculate the TTM revenue.

A better way remains using the TTM numbers, which you can calculate using a mix of annual and quarterly reports. And always ensure we use twelve-month numbers or four quarters’ worth of financials. TTM or LTM numbers provide updated metrics from the metrics reported by the company’s annual or quarterly reports. If I type in Kohls, KSS and I go to the latest financial report, I’m going to get the TTM revenue.

TTM Limitations

A TTM dividend yield is calculated by adding up the dividends from the last four quarters, then dividing that by the current stock price. Trailing twelve months (TTM) figures include the financial metrics for the last four quarters, which amounts to a full year of business performance. You can use several financial statements to run a TTM analysis, including balance sheets and income and P&L statements. For managers, TTM metrics provide an immediate view of a company’s financial health. Trailing twelve months calculations will depend on which financial metric is being considered.

When used with other ratios and measurements, the TTM yield can help you decide whether a fund is worth buying. Both of these situations are easily remedied by a conversation with your accountant or bookkeeper. Let them know you are wanting to run a trailing 12 months calculation on your business so they can make sure your information is up to date. They might even run the analysis for you and offer a consultation to review the results.

For example, let’s say today is Aug. 1, 2021, and you as a business owner want to see what your revenue was like for the past 12 months. Many analysts and investors use the TTM to analyze financial data, such as income statements, balance sheets, and cash flow statement figures. Trailing twelve months (TTM) refers to a company’s past 12 consecutive months of performance data used in financial reporting. The TTM method is essential because it provides companies with detailed, recent financial data for internal audits, financial analysis, and corporate planning.

Trailing Twelve Months (TTM): What It Is & Free Calculator Template

The above is a great example of calculating TTM and how it is best to find the latest numbers for our analysis. None of those options is the best; a better bet is to use the trailing twelve-month method of finding our closest correct numbers. For example, if you sold $1 million worth of products and had COGS costs of $500k, your profit margin would be 50% ($500k / $1m). It is worth noting that bond returns are also subject to many factors. Bond fund returns rose in 2018 but dropped in 2019; they dropped significantly in 2020.

You would compile information from the profit and loss statements for your business beginning July 1 of the previous year and ending June 30 of the current year. Use the TTM only to measure internal performance and financial health. No, TTM is the most recent 12 months of financial data that may overlap between years. YTD (or year-to-date), on the other hand, is the most recent financial data from the start of the financial year up to the most current month.

The CALCULATE statements get the difference between [PdSales] for TTM and TTM LY. Start Date uses the End Date to get the first day of the month for each month. We will wrap up our discussion on TTM finance and how we calculate our numbers. Companies submit the fillings approximately 30 days after a financial period, depending on each document’s release scheduling.

It can be calculated on any date, making it a convenient tool for small businesses to use. TTM P&L keeps a running tab of how well an investment or project has performed over the prior twelve-month period. It takes the monthly or quarterly returns over that time period and reports a weighted average profit or loss figure. The price/earnings ratio is often referred to as P/E (TTM) and is calculated as the stock’s current price, divided by a company’s trailing 12-month earnings per share (EPS). Working capital gives us a great example of these calculations, which come from items on the balance sheet and are then averaged. However, analysts deduct depreciation from income quarterly and then look at the last four quarters reported on the income statement.

For instance, let’s say your business held pretty steady revenue for the previous two years but had a significant influx in sales in the last eight months. With the increased sales, you may need more equipment and resources to keep up with demand. If your business runs quarterly statements instead of monthly, you would use the last four quarterly statements. You can apply TTM analysis to any business no matter how frequently your business produces statements. It’s also common for investors to use a business’s TTM revenue to determine whether or not it’s worth their investment or financing.